主页 > 财经 > 国际新闻 > 加拿大取得对美国原产国标签制度胜利


作者:佚名来源:福建一春时间:2015-07-01 08:11点击:


  Canadian Swine Producers got some good news this past week when the US House of Representatives voted 300 – 131 to repeal Country of Origin Labeling (COOL). This a very strong recognition that the World Trade organization finding that labeling discriminates against cattle and swine imported from Canada and Mexico, and could lead to legal retaliatory tariffs up to $3.7 billion per year instituted against US items such as wine, meat, jewelry and furniture etc.

  加拿大的养猪生产者上周得到一些好消息,美国众议院以300票对131票的投票结果通过了废除原产国标签制度(Country of Origin Labeling,COOL)。这是非常明确的信号,世界贸易组织认为标签制度对来自加拿大和墨西哥的猪和牛进口造成歧视,每年可能会对美国以外的酒类、肉品、珠宝及家具等商品提出高达37亿美元的合法报复性关税。

  Now the US senate has to consider the country of origin (COOL) issue.


  Since the implementation of COOL, Canadian swine producers have been hurt financially. Several slaughter plants in the US will not take Canadian pigs due to the COOL ramifications and the others that do take Canadian hogs, do so at a discount. The cost to the Canadian Industry according to the Canadian Government is in the billions. Since COOL implementation, the Canadian Breeding Herd has declined by over 20%. Not all the decrease is attributable to COOL cut it certainly was a major factor.


  If COOL is repealed and we expect it will be, we expect more free flow pigs from Canada. The Eastern Corn Belt with the new swine plant in Michigan being built will be short hogs. We expect this will lead to market hogs from Ontario, Canada, which is short packer capacity to come to eastern states. Capacity might be a different story with most hogs staying there as long as Canadian Packers stay price competitive.


  In our opinion COOL was not effective as a marketing plan for consumers’ confidence. It was effective in hurting Canada’s swine industry.


  China China China


  My Grandmother said, “Never beat a dead horse”. It seems we continue to talk about the potential for large US pork exports to China. So far, they have increased but they have not taken off. Some more news – as reported in the Genesus Global Market Report by Ron Lane.


  In April China’s Ministry of Agriculture reported that China’s breeding inventory declined 687,000 sows. Since the first of January, China has decreased 3.19 million sows, since February 2014 the China Sow herd has declined 11.45 million sows. It’s almost unfathomable, the liquidation levels.

  中国农业部4月份的报告显示,中国的母猪存栏下降68.7万头。1 月1日以来,中国已经淘汰319万头母猪。自2014年2月以来,中国母猪存栏减少1145万头母猪。减栏的规模深不可测。

  The April China swine inventory was 387 million, down 34 million from last Aprils 421 million. Using 26 weeks from birth to market for a pig, the decline year over year is equal to an average of 1.3 million less hogs per week.


  If China liquidated 687,000 sow in April there is no way liquidation has stopped. More are already out since then.


  Liquidation has happened because many producers have been losing money. We all know that no one quits because they are making money. Farmers are farmers everywhere in the world.


  In 2014 Genesus supplied 36% of all breeding stock imported to China from the world. When people are getting money it effects breeding stock sales. China has imported in 2015 so far only 1,000 swine breeding animals from the whole world in a market with 40 million sows. That is a reflection of how bad it has been.


  Chinas hog prices at the end of March was 12.09 rmb/kg or 88¢ US liveweight a lb. The week of June 2 the Chinese price had risen to 14.45 rmb/kg or $1.06 US Liveweight a lb. In 2 months, China’s market hogs have gained $45 US per head. Just as importantly, the spread between the US current price of 58¢ lb. and China’s $1.06 is over $120 USD per head. The spread is why we see upside for more pork exports to China from North America and Europe. With a $125 per head window, believe the capitalism is alive and well and pork will be moving. We believe the Chinese owners of Smithfield Foods will figure out how to ship pork at a $125 per head.

  中国3月底的生猪价格为12.09人民币/kg,即88美分/磅活重。中国在6月2日这一周的价格上涨至14.45元/千克,即1.06美元/磅活重。中国的商品猪价格在2个月时间内上涨了45美元/头。同样重要的是,美国目前的价格为58美分/磅,而中国的价格为1.06美元,每头猪的差价超过120美元。这个差价是我们看到从北美和欧洲出口到中国的猪肉增加的原因。每头125美元的差价说明资本主义很好地在起作用,猪肉将会流通。我们相信史密斯菲尔德食品的中国股东在每头125 美元差价的情况下会知道怎么运输猪肉。

  In our opinion the longer liquidation in China lasts, the higher prices will go and for longer. Prices have gained $45 per head in two months. In China, we expect further price increases.