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加裕养猪评论(2017.7.31)

作者:Jim Long 加裕公司总来源:家育种猪公司时间:2017-08-09 16:09点击:

欧洲旅行

英国-荷兰-德国

European Road Trip

England-Netherlands-Germany

 

上周我们会见了英国、荷兰和德国的生产商。我们的见闻:

This past week we met producers from England, Netherlands and Germany.  Our Observations:

 

英国

England

产能稳定在40万头母猪左右。其中大约40%的生猪生产商是户外养殖。这就意味户外分娩,类似30-35年前的美国。当前生猪价格是每公斤胴体1.65英镑(每磅胴体1.00美元),这个价格创历史新高。大约50%的英国猪肉是从其他欧洲国家进口的。英国养猪场目前正在赚大钱。

Production holding steady at about 400,000 sows.  About 40% of swine production is outdoor.  That means field farrowing, just like America 30-35 years ago.  Current Swine prices at £1.65 British pounds a carcass kilo ($1.00 U.S carcass a lb.), are record highs.  Approximately 50% of British pork is imported from other European countries.  British Pig Farms are making good money currently.

 

室内生产有许多规定,母猪需要能够来回走动,也就是说没有定位栏。温度应当适中(不冷,不热),从而许多母猪和仔猪可以饲养在无动力通风的猪舍中。室内要有大量稻草。

Indoor production has many rules, sows need to have the ability to wander around, meaning no fixed gestation crates.  The weather is moderate (not cold, not hot) so many sows and pigs are in non-power ventilated buildings.  Lots of straw in indoor buildings.

 

英国脱欧公投后,英国的生产商正受益于英镑兑欧元的贬值。货币贬值超过了30%,使得英国猪肉相对于欧洲猪肉更具竞争力。

British producers are benefiting from a devaluation of the British Pound compared to the Euro since the Brexit vote by the British people to leave the EU.  The devaluation has been over 30% and is making British pork more competitive relative to European pork.

 

英国脱欧后的一个大问题是,农业政策和进口猪肉将会变成什么样子。我们被问及我们如何看待与美国的潜在自由贸易协定将会怎样影响英国猪肉。上周英国发生了一件重大新闻,关于美国贸易讨论以及美国在鸡肉加工中使用氯气的事实。不得不说我们甚至都不知道氯气被使用在鸡肉加工上;明显3.1亿美国消费者不会把它看作一则新闻。

Big question in Britain is what farm policy and imports of pork will be after Brexit.  We were asked how did we see a potential free trade agreement with America affecting British Pork.  Last week a major news story in Britain was U.S trade discussion and the fact the U.S uses chlorine in Chicken processing.  Have to say didn’t even know chlorine was used; obviously the 310 million U.S consumers don’t see it as a news item.

 

英国当前早期断奶猪的价格是每头44.61英镑(60美元),60磅的架子猪价格为60英镑(80美元)。

British current price early weans £44.61 pounds each ($60 U.S), 60 lb. feeder pigs at £60 pounds ($80 U.S).

 

毫无疑问,无论是跟英国还是欧洲的任何地方相比,美国的生产成本更低。我们期望英国的农户能够为了保护他们的市场免受来自美国的进口猪肉、鸡肉而大干一场。如果你在英国养殖,你也会这么做的。

There is no doubt America has a lower cost of production then either Britain or anywhere in Europe.  We expect a big fight by British farmers to protect their market from imported Pork, Chicken etc. from America.  If you farmed there you would too.

 

荷兰-德国

Netherlands-Germany

利润很不错。每头猪的利润大约有30欧元(36美元)。正如一个生产商说的尽管在赚大钱,但是未来的行情并不乐观。不看好的原因是新的动物福利和环境条例。

Profits are good.  About

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责任编辑:冯赛  

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